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Gallup International’s 41 Annual Global End of Year Survey: Russian Interference

EoY2017 The World’s first (launched in 1977) and leading Global Public Opinion Barometer, covering this year in a representative way about 2/3 of the global population, done in partnership with WIN, shows:

Four out of ten respondents globally evaluate the Russian military role in the conflict in Syria as ‘positive’. Slightly fewer (less than 1/3 of all interviewed) view their role as ‘negative’.

Another largely discussed topic - the speculations about potential Russian interference in last USA Presidential elections, split the world’s public opinion into three: 37% around the globe believe it is possible that Russia influenced the elections outcome, 33% share the opposite opinion and the rest 30% do not have particular view on that topic.

The question about Russian role in Syrian conflict splits the Old continent - predominantly negative attitudes among the West EU countries and right the opposite position of East EU members and those countries that are not part of the European Union.

Discontented with Russian actions are the USA and Latin America, while Middle East, East and West Asia, India and Russia itself share an opinion that Russian actions in Syria have a positive effect.

The highest share of believers that Russia played certain role in US elections is registered around Western European countries and USA. The opponents of such theory are respondents in Latin America, Asia, Eastern Europe and Middle East.

 

Johnny Heald, Vice President Gallup International Association (GIA):

 

Russia has played a critical role in the Syrian conflict and this has divided public opinion. A plurality would support their role in helping to defeat ISIS in northern Syria but clearly others either do not like their support for Bashar al Assad or more probably do not support any foreign international airstrikes.   Meanwhile the media circus on Russian involvement in the 2016 US Presidential election carries on and any involvement divides global opinion. A plurality (37%) believe they could have influenced the outcome of the election but 33% disagree and 30% simply don’t know.   I suspect this story will continue to run and run.

 

Andrey Milekhin, Vice President Gallup International Association (GIA):

«In the past decade we witnessed several different scenarios for problem resolving in world’s hotspots – Afghanistan, Libya, Iraq. In majority cases solving of one issue served as a trigger for burst of multiple new conflicts.

Syrian problem is an example of complicated two-coalitions attempt to stop the civil war, and this is an effect of multipolar world continuous growth. Indicative in the survey are the attitudes of Syria neighboring countries which distinctively evaluate the Russian role in the conflict as positive.

The scandal with the alleged Russian interference in the US Presidential elections managed to catch the attention of majority of people around the globe. In cases when the respondents do not have some personal experience or deeper interest in the matter, their opinion is seriously affected by the mass media propaganda.


Analysis of results country by country provide quite interesting illustration of where the dominance of English-speaking media is definitive and where some plurality of media content and alternative point of view is available across media».
 

 

ROLE OF RUSSIA IN SYRIAN CONFLICT

Thinking about the ongoing conflict in Syria, do you think Russia is having

a very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative or very negative

influence in the fight against ISIS?

 

Positive: 41%

Negative: 30%

DK/No response: 29%


1 Russia Syria

 

 

TOP 10 “POSITIVE”

TOP 10 “NEGATIVE”

Country

% “Positive”

Country

% “Negative”

ALBANIA

80%

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

53%

RUSSIA

73%

IRELAND

48%

VIETNAM

67%

B&H, GERMANY

47%

IRAN

63%

MEXICO, TURKEY

46%

ARMENIA, KAZAKHSTAN, SERBIA

62%

COLOMBIA, POLAND

45%

PHILIPPINES

60%

UK, UKRAINE

44%

GHANA

57%

USA

42%

AFGHANISTAN, IRAQ

56%

AZERBAIJAN, SLOVENIA

41%

CROATIA

52%

CZECH REPUBLIC

40%

GREECE, INDONESIA

51%

BRAZIL, HONG KONG

38%

 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

 

ROLE OF RUSSIA IN SYRIAN CONFLICT

Thinking about the ongoing conflict in Syria, do you think Russia is having

a very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative or very negative

influence in the fight against ISIS?


 1 2


 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press release.

ROLE OF RUSSIA IN SYRIAN CONFLICT

Thinking about the ongoing conflict in Syria, do you think Russia is having

a very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative or very negative

influence in the fight against ISIS?

 

Country

Positive

Negative

DK/NA

AFGHANISTAN

56%

29%

15%

ALBANIA

80%

13%

7%

ARMENIA

62%

17%

20%

AUSTRIA

41%

28%

31%

AZERBAIJAN

9%

41%

50%

BANGLADESH

39%

23%

38%

BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

34%

47%

19%

BRAZIL

33%

38%

29%

BULGARIA

37%

19%

44%

CROATIA

52%

17%

31%

COLOMBIA

34%

45%

20%

CZECH REPUBLIC

31%

40%

29%

ECUADOR

27%

36%

37%

ETHIOPIA

37%

32%

31%

FRANCE

29%

37%

34%

GERMANY

27%

47%

26%

GHANA

57%

11%

33%

GREECE

51%

30%

19%

HONG KONG

39%

38%

22%

INDIA

47%

5%

48%

INDONESIA

51%

14%

36%

IRAN

63%

11%

26%

IRAQ

56%

34%

9%

IRELAND

25%

48%

28%

ITALY

37%

34%

29%

IVORY COAST

41%

26%

34%

JAPAN

6%

35%

59%

 

Country

Positive

Negative

DK/NA

KAZAKHSTAN

62%

8%

30%

KOSOVO

18%

26%

56%

LATVIA

42%

33%

25%

MACEDONIA

41%

30%

29%

MEXICO

39%

46%

15%

MOLDOVA

47%

31%

23%

NETHERLANDS

28%

35%

37%

NIGERIA

43%

22%

35%

PAKISTAN

49%

33%

18%

PERU

32%

27%

40%

PHILIPPINES

60%

25%

15%

POLAND

19%

45%

36%

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

31%

53%

17%

ROMANIA

41%

34%

25%

RUSSIA

73%

11%

16%

SERBIA

62%

14%

24%

SLOVENIA

36%

41%

23%

SOUTH AFRICA

31%

29%

40%

SPAIN

34%

36%

30%

SWEDEN

42%

29%

29%

THAILAND

32%

15%

54%

TURKEY

44%

46%

10%

UK

24%

44%

31%

UKRAINE

35%

44%

21%

USA

19%

42%

39%

VIETNAM

67%

12%

21%

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

 

RUSSIAN INFLUENCE IN LAST U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

Do you agree or disagree that Russians influenced the outcome of

the last U.S. Presidential elections?

 2-russia

 

 

TOP 10 “AGREE

TOP 10 “DISAGREE”

Country

% “Agree”

Country

% “Disagree”

ALBANIA

72%

RUSSIA

63%

IRELAND

57%

COLOMBIA, KAZAKHSTAN

57%

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

53%

MOLDOVA

52%

GERMANY, GHANA

51%

SERBIA

49%

NETHERLANDS, SPAIN

50%

IRAQ, ROMANIA

48%

UK

49%

GREECE, PHILIPPINES

47%

USA

48%

MEXICO

46%

AUSTRIA, FRANCE

47%

CZECH REPUBLIC

45%

SWEDEN, AFGHANISTAN

46%

LATVIA, TURKEY, B&H

44%

MEXICO

45%

IVORY COAST, PAKISTAN

43%

 

 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

 

RUSSIAN INFLUENCE IN LAST U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

Do you agree or disagree that Russians influenced the outcome of

the last U.S. Presidential elections?

 

 

2 2

 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

 

RUSSIAN INFLUENCE IN LAST U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS

Do you agree or disagree that Russians influenced the outcome of

the last U.S. Presidential elections?

 

Country

Agree

Disagree

DK/NA

AFGHANISTAN

46%

33%

21%

ALBANIA

72%

19%

9%

ARGENTINA

22%

27%

51%

ARMENIA

32%

40%

27%

AUSTRIA

47%

21%

31%

BANGLADESH

38%

32%

30%

BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

41%

44%

15%

BRAZIL

41%

36%

22%

BULGARIA

16%

37%

47%

CROATIA

34%

30%

36%

COLOMBIA

32%

57%

12%

CZECH REPUBLIC

26%

45%

30%

ECUADOR

19%

35%

46%

ETHIOPIA

44%

24%

32%

FRANCE

47%

19%

34%

GERMANY

51%

19%

30%

GHANA

51%

15%

34%

GREECE

35%

47%

18%

HONG KONG

42%

28%

30%

INDIA

22%

24%

54%

INDONESIA

38%

20%

42%

IRAN

28%

35%

37%

IRAQ

38%

48%

14%

IRELAND

57%

17%

26%

ITALY

28%

35%

37%

IVORY COAST

25%

43%

32%

JAPAN

35%

10%

54%

 

Country

Agree

Disagree

DK/NA

KAZAKHSTAN

19%

57%

24%

KOSOVO

31%

15%

54%

LATVIA

35%

44%

22%

MACEDONIA

34%

36%

31%

MEXICO

45%

46%

8%

MOLDOVA

28%

52%

20%

NETHERLANDS

50%

11%

38%

NIGERIA

40%

34%

26%

PAKISTAN

24%

43%

33%

PERU

18%

35%

47%

PHILIPPINES

32%

47%

22%

POLAND

21%

36%

43%

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

53%

29%

19%

ROMANIA

34%

48%

17%

RUSSIA

15%

63%

22%

SERBIA

28%

49%

22%

SLOVENIA

31%

28%

40%

SOUTH AFRICA

41%

20%

39%

SPAIN

50%

20%

31%

SWEDEN

46%

17%

37%

THAILAND

23%

26%

52%

TURKEY

42%

44%

14%

UK

49%

17%

34%

UKRAINE

37%

40%

22%

USA

48%

31%

21%

VIETNAM

40%

37%

23%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

 

Methodology:

The Gallup International End of Year Survey (EoY) is an annual tradition initiated by and designed under the chairmanship of Dr. George Gallup in 1977. It is conducted every year since then. This year it was carried out by the Gallup International Association in partnership with WIN in 56 countries* around the world. 

 

Regions coverage:

▪ EU Total - combines EU West and EU East

▪ EU West – Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland. Italy, Netherland, Spain, Sweden, UK

▪ EU East – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia

▪ Non-EU Europe – Albania, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine

▪ Latin America – Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru 

▪ East Asia – Bangladesh, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, Vietnam

▪ West Asia – Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Turkey

▪ Middle East - Iraq

▪ Africa – Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa

▪ USA, India and Russia are not included in any other regional category

 

Sample Size and Mode of Field Work:

A total of 54,569 persons were interviewed globally. In each country a representative sample of around 1000 men and women was interviewed either face to face (23 countries; n=24235), via telephone (13 countries; n=12456) or online (19 countries; n=17878). The field work was conducted during October 2017 - December 2017. The margin of error for the survey is between +3-5% at 95% confidence level.

 

About Gallup International

Gallup International Association (GIA) is the leading association in market research and polling and this year celebrates its 71th anniversary.

For 70 years Gallup International Members have demonstrated their expert ability to conduct multi-country surveys on a comparable basis and deliver the highest quality. Their Members are leading national institutes with a profound local knowledge of research methods and techniques, statistical sources, customs and culture differences of its own country and carefully selected by the Association Board. With only one Member agency per country, Members work together on a daily basis to share knowledge, new research techniques and tools, as well as to provide the most appropriate solutions to international research projects and service our clients to the best of our abilities.

 

For more information:

Kancho Stoychev (in Sofia),     +359 88 8611025

Andrei Milekhin (in Moscow), +7 495 9886081

Johnny Heald (in London),       +44 7973 600308

For further details see website: www.gallup-international.com

 

*Note: Considering socio -political or cultural factors several countries skipped some EoY Survey questions/options.

Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are not related to Gallup Inc., headquartered in Washington D.C. which is no longer a member of Gallup International Association. Gallup International Association does not accept responsibility for opinion polling other than its own. We require that our surveys be credited fully as Gallup International (not Gallup or Gallup Poll).

 

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