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Gallup International’s 41 Annual Global End of Year Survey: Economically More Difficult Year To Come

  The World’s first (launched in 1977) and leading Global Barometer on prosperity, hope and happiness, covering this year in a representative way about 2/3 of the global population, done in partnership with WIN, shows:

 Economic Pessimism Won at Last

Economic optimism has declined over the last months. The study shows that 28% of the world is now optimistic for the economic outlook in 2018, but the economic pessimism is 2 points higher. Net optimism (the shares of those saying the next year will be one of economic prosperity minus the shares of those who say the next year will be one of economic difficulties) has shown a downward trend from  +23 at the end of 2015 and +20 at the end of 2016  to -2 at the end of 2017. 

For second successive year European citizens are significantly more worried about their prosperity next year (- 16 net score). The challenges for the very future of the EU project and Europe in general continued in 2017 and it created uncertainties despite Europe’s emerging signs of recovery. For the first time this indicator shows more pessimists for the economic outlook in EU than in Russia, nevertheless that the majority of Russians / 49%, highest in the studied world/ expect stagnation in their country.

The US public opinion is deeply divided on the economic expectations for the new year.

The most pessimistic countries are Italy (net score of -50), Greece (net score of -42). Turkey is close behind them (net score of -40). 

Nigeria (+59), followed by Vietnam (+55 net score) are on the other side.

Clear majorities in India and East Asia are expecting even a more prosperous year from the current one based on an impressive performance during 2017, while West Asia is rather worried.


Hope on the planet Earth… but Lower

A bit less than 40% of the surveyed global population feels that 2018 will be better than 2017, which is 13 points down compared to a year ago. 23% expect a worse one. 32% believe 2018 is going to be the same as 2017 and other 6% do not know.

The net score of +16 is twice down than the net score for the last year. Although hope leads ranking for another year, the number of optimists is decreasing throughout the world - as last New Year’s Eve was expected with a majority of 52% of the planet feeling that 2017 will be better than 2016.

A year ago, 15% felt that a worse year was on its way, but nowadays their share is 23% thus giving a net score of +16 (39% - 23%). With last year’s +37 the drop is obvious. The decrease reveals concerns and worries as the world is turning into a more hectic and a less predictable place over the last year.

 

Indonesia (+66 net score) is this year’s winner and South Asia (+51) is the most optimistic region in the world. Europe is on the opposite with 0 score in its non-EU part and only +5 in the EU.

For instance, overall optimism in Bangladesh, India, Vietnam, etc. scores at about +50 net values, however Greece is at -30 and Italy is at -41. Apparently, yet another bad-for-the-west-good-for-the-east year is coming.

Compared to the Russians much more US citizens are optimistic but there are more pessimists in the US than in Russia.

Hope is reserved for the fastest growing countries. Low incomes apparently go well with hope since there are prospects of growth.


Happiness: A Less Happy World in 2017

About two-thirds (59%) of the surveyed world claim they are happy. This is almost 10 points lower than twelve months ago. 2017 was a tough year with terrorist attacks over almost each week and it may have influenced personal lives all around the world. Nevertheless, a majority in all polled countries are happy.

The world today shares +49 net happiness – compared to +59 a year ago. Throughout 55 countries surveyed, 8% said that they were unhappy – almost the same with 9% at the end of 2016 and 10% at the end of 2015.

Latin America seem to be the happiest continent pin the world (net score of +66 in this region).

Fiji is the happiest country. Colombia with a net score of +86 is right after Fiji. Iran and Iraq are at the bottom with +5 and +7.

The net score in the US and Russia concerning happiness is exactly equal (+50).

 

EMERGENCE OF A GLOBAL SOCIETY IN WHICH NATIONAL VARIATIONS ARE OVERTAKEN BY WORLD-WIDE LIFESTYLE GROUPS

 

Ijaz Gilani, Gallup Pakistan (Global Barometer project leader) :

“The 55 countries show the emergence of a global society in which national borders are being overtaken by world-wide lifestyle segments. Thus, according to the survey, the attitudes of youth across the world are more similar to each other than to the older population within their own national borders. The same is true for survey findings across lifestyles characterized by Incomes and levels of Education.

Net Happiness across the 55 countries polled by survey is 15% point higher among the Young (under 34 years of age) than among the older population (above 55 years of age).

The upscale income groups across these 55 countries are 32% points happier than the bottom twenty percent groups in their societies. The college degree holders are 13% more happy than those whose education is up to primary school or those who are illiterate.

The analysis team of the global survey argues: Happiness depends less on the country in which you live and more on your Age, Income and Education profile or lifestyle.”

 

Methodology:

The Gallup International End of Year Survey (EoY) is an annual tradition initiated by and designed under the chairmanship of Dr. George Gallup in 1977. It is conducted every year since then. This year it was carried out by the Gallup International Association in partnership with WIN in 55 countries around the world. 

 

Regions coverage:

▪ EU Total - combines EU West and EU East

▪ EU West – Austria, France, Germany, Greece,  Ireland. Italy, Netherland, Spain, Sweden, UK

▪ EU East – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia

▪ Non-EU Europe – Albania, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine

▪ Latin America – Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru 

▪ East Asia – Bangladesh, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, Vietnam

▪ West Asia – Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Turkey

▪ Middle East - Iraq

▪ Africa – Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa

▪ USA, India and Russia are not included in any other regional category

 

Sample Size and Mode of Field Work:

A total of 53769 persons were interviewed globally. In each country a representative sample of around 1000 men and women was interviewed either face to face (23 countries; n=24235), via telephone (13 countries; n=11656) or online (19 countries; n=17878). The field work was conducted during November 2017 - December 2017. The margin of error for the survey is between +3-5% at 95% confidence level.”

 

About Gallup International

Gallup International Association (GIA) is the leading association in market research and polling and this year celebrates its 70th anniversary.

 

For 70 years Gallup International Members have demonstrated their expert ability to conduct multi-country surveys on a comparable basis and deliver the highest quality. Their Members are leading national institutes with a profound local knowledge of research methods and techniques, statistical sources, customs and culture differences of its own country and carefully selected by the Association Board. With only one Member agency per country, Members work together on a daily basis to share knowledge, new research techniques and tools, as well as to provide the most appropriate solutions to international research projects and service our clients to the best of our abilities.

 

For more information:

Kancho Stoychev (in Sofia), +359 88 8611025

Johnny Heald (in London), +44 7973 600308

Ijaz Gilani / in Islamabad/ ,   +92 300 8544656

For further details see website: www.gallup-international.com

 

Disclaimer: Gallup International Association or its members are not related to Gallup Inc., headquartered in Washington D.C. which is no longer a member of Gallup International Association. Gallup International Association does not accept responsibility for opinion polling other than its own. We require that our surveys be credited fully as Gallup International (not Gallup or Gallup Poll).

 

 

HOPE INDEX

As far as you are concerned, do you think that 2018 will be

better, worse or the same as 2017?

Optimists: 39

Pessimists: 23

Neutrals: 32

Global Hope Index 2017: 16


hope pie

 

 

Hope Index: Net Score of Optimists over Pessimists

 

TOP 10 OPTIMISTS

TOP 10 PESSIMISTS

Country

Net Score

Country

Net Score

INDONESIA

+67

ITALY

-41

NIGERIA

+64

GREECE

-30

FIJI

+57

BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

-18

BANGLADESH

+51

IRAN

-18

INDIA

+51

MEXICO

-8

VIETNAM

+50

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

-7

ALBANIA

+43

POLAND

-5

KOSOVO

+40

TURKEY

-4

PHILIPPINES

+40

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

-3

SWEDEN

+38

UKRAINE, LATVIA, SOUTH AFRICA

2

Definitions:

Optimists = Better

Pessimists = Worse

Neutrals = The same

 

HOPE INDEX - BY REGION

As far as you are concerned, do you think that 2018 will be

better, worse or the same as 2017?

 

 Hope by region


Regions coverage:

  • EU Total - combines EU West and EU East
  • EU West – Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland. Italy, Netherland, Spain, Sweden, UK
  • EU East – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia
  • Non-EU Europe – Albania, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine
  • Latin America – Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru
  • East Asia – Bangladesh, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, Vietnam
  • West Asia – Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Turkey
  • Middle East - Iraq
  • Africa – Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa
  • USA, India and Russia are not included in any other regional category

 

ECONOMIC OPTIMISM INDEX

Compared to this year, in your opinion, will next year be a year of economic prosperity, economic difficulty or remain the same for your country?

Optimists: 28

Pessimists: 30

Neutrals: 36

Global Economic Optimism Index 2017: -2


Economic pie

 

 

Economic Optimism Index: Net Score of Optimists over Pessimists

 

TOP 10 OPTIMISTS

TOP 10 PESSIMISTS

Country

Net Score

Country

Net Score

NIGERIA

+59

ITALY

-50

VIETNAM

+55

GREECE

-43

INDONESIA

+53

TURKEY

-40

INDIA

+46

IRAN

-38

PHILIPPINES

+32

UKRAINE

-38

ALBANIA

+31

UK

-36

BANGLADESH

+30

SOUTH AFRICA

-35

FIJI

+27

MEXICO

-35

KOSOVO

+25

ROMANIA

-29

PAKISTAN

+20

BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

-27

 

Definitions:

Optimists = Economic Prosperity

Pessimists = Economic Difficulty

Neutrals = Remain the same

 

ECONOMIC OPTIMISM INDEX – BY REGION

Compared to this year, in your opinion, will next year be a year of economic prosperity, economic difficulty or remain the same for your country?


 

Economic by region 

 

Regions coverage:

  • EU Total - combines EU West and EU East
  • EU West – Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland. Italy, Netherland, Spain, Sweden, UK
  • EU East – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia
  • Non-EU Europe – Albania, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine
  • Latin America – Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru
  • East Asia – Bangladesh, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, Vietnam
  • West Asia – Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Turkey
  • Middle East - Iraq
  • Africa – Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa
  • USA, India and Russia are not included in any other regional category

 

HAPPINESS INDEX

In general, do you personally feel very happy, happy, neither happy nor unhappy, unhappy or very unhappy about your life?

Happy: 59

Unhappy: 11

Neutrals: 28

Global Happiness Index 2017: 48


happy pie

 

 

Happiness Index: Net Score of Happy over Unhappy

 

TOP 10 HAPPY COUNTRIES

TOP 10 UNHAPPY COUNTRIES

Country

Net Score

Country

Net Score

FIJI

+92

IRAN

+5

COLOMBIA

+87

IRAQ

+7

PHILIPPINES

+84

UKRAINE

+8

MEXICO

+82

GREECE

+21

VIETNAM

+77

MOLDOVA

+24

KAZAKHSTAN

+74

BRAZIL

+28

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

+74

HONG KONG

+29

INDONESIA

+68

SOUTH AFRICA

+29

INDIA

+64

TURKEY

+29

ARGENTINA, NETHERLANDS

+64

GHANA

+30

 

Definitions:

Happy = Very happy + Happy

Pessimists = Unhappy + Very Unhappy

Neutrals = neither happy nor Unhappy



HAPPINESS INDEX – BY REGION

In general, do you personally feel very happy, happy, neither happy nor unhappy, unhappy or very unhappy about your life?

 

 

happy by region 

Regions coverage:

  • EU Total - combines EU West and EU East
  • EU West – Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland. Italy, Netherland, Spain, Sweden, UK
  • EU East – Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia
  • Non-EU Europe – Albania, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine
  • Latin America – Argentina, Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru
  • East Asia – Bangladesh, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, Vietnam
  • West Asia – Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Turkey
  • Middle East - Iraq
  • Africa – Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa
  • USA, India and Russia are not included in any other regional category

 

 

HOPE INDEX 2017

As far as you are concerned, do you think that 2018 will be

better, worse or the same as 2017?

(Countries are presented in alphabetical order)


Country

Optimists

Pessimists

Neutrals

DK/NA

NET

Hope

Row %

AFGHANISTAN

36

30

31

3

+6

ALBANIA

57

14

26

3

+43

ARGENTINA

51

21

22

6

+30

ARMENIA

27

24

43

6

+3

AUSTRALIA

31

39

30

0

-8

AUSTRIA

30

21

44

5

+9

AZERBAIJAN

36

25

19

21

+11

BANGLADESH

68

17

12

3

+51

BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

20

38

41

2

-18

BRAZIL

41

29

27

4

+12

BULGARIA

25

22

35

19

+3

CROATIA

39

23

29

9

+16

COLOMBIA

45

27

25

3

+18

CZECH REPUBLIC

30

23

43

4

+7

ECUADOR

31

16

44

9

+15

ETHIOPIA

57

24

15

5

+33

FIJI

65

8

18

9

+57

FRANCE

26

22

39

12

+4

GERMANY

29

17

50

4

+12

GHANA

50

26

18

6

+24

GREECE

20

50

29

2

-30

HONG KONG

32

22

41

5

+10

INDIA

66

15

17

2

+51

INDONESIA

73

6

12

9

+67

IRAN

25

43

27

6

-18

IRAQ

57

24

16

3

+33

IRELAND

40

16

37

6

+24

ITALY

15

56

26

3

-41

JAPAN

22

12

42

25

+10

KAZAKHSTAN

46

11

36

7

+35

KOSOVO

51

11

34

4

+40

LATVIA

28

26

26

20

+2

MACEDONIA

46

18

31

5

+28

MEXICO

26

34

38

2

-8

 

HOPE INDEX 2017

As far as you are concerned, do you think that 2018 will be

better, worse or the same as 2017?

(Countries are presented in alphabetical order)

Country

Optimists

Pessimists

Neutrals

DK/NA

NET

Hope

Row%

MOLDOVA

43

22

31

4

+21

NETHERLANDS

26

18

49

6

+8

NEW ZEALAND

53

21

26

0

+32

NIGERIA

74

10

12

3

+64

PAKISTAN

45

21

31

3

+24

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

31

38

29

2

-7

PERU

41

13

37

10

+28

PHILIPPINES

44

4

48

4

+40

POLAND

25

30

40

5

-5

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

19

22

58

1

-3

ROMANIA

38

35

25

2

+3

RUSSIA

25

17

47

11

+8

SERBIA

34

30

32

4

+4

SLOVENIA

42

11

44

3

+31

SOUTH AFRICA

37

35

20

8

+2

SPAIN

37

21

34

8

+16

SWEDEN

49

11

35

4

+38

THAILAND

30

21

44

6

+9

TURKEY

38

42

16

4

-4

UK

34

27

32

7

+7

UKRAINE

35

33

27

5

+2

USA

45

24

21

11

+21

VIETNAM

58

8

32

2

+50

 


 

Definitions:

Optimists = Better

Pessimists = Worse

Neutrals = The same

Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.


ECONOMIC OPTIMISM INDEX 2017

Compared to this year, in your opinion, will next year be a year of economic prosperity, economic difficulty or remain the same for your country?

(Countries are presented in alphabetical order)

Country

Optimists

Pessimists

Neutrals

DK/NA

NET

Economic Optimism

Row

AFGHANISTAN

31

46

21

2

-15

ALBANIA

48

17

33

2

+31

ARGENTINA

34

24

38

4

+10

ARMENIA

21

35

40

5

-14

AUSTRIA

23

27

42

7

-4

AZERBAIJAN

31

25

23

21

+6

BANGLADESH

53

23

20

3

+30

BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

13

40

45

3

-27

BRAZIL

21

28

48

4

-7

BULGARIA

18

26

38

18

-8

CROATIA

12

38

46

4

-26

COLOMBIA

23

31

44

3

-8

CZECH REPUBLIC

27

22

46

4

+5

ECUADOR

34

27

35

3

+7

ETHIOPIA

37

46

14

3

-9

FIJI

43

16

33

8

+27

FRANCE

14

33

42

10

-19

GERMANY

18

23

54

5

-5

GHANA

40

34

21

5

+6

GREECE

8

51

39

2

-43

HONG KONG

22

33

41

4

-11

INDIA

65

19

15

2

+46

INDONESIA

63

10

16

10

+53

IRAN

12

50

33

4

-38

IRAQ

45

32

20

3

+13

IRELAND

23

25

46

6

-2

ITALY

9

59

30

2

-50

JAPAN

13

17

46

25

-4

KAZAKHSTAN

30

19

42

9

+11

KOSOVO

42

17

36

5

+25

LATVIA

13

34

40

13

-21

MACEDONIA

36

24

34

6

+12

MEXICO

11

46

40

3

-35

 

 

ECONOMIC OPTIMISM INDEX 2017

Compared to this year, in your opinion, will next year be a year of economic prosperity, economic difficulty or remain the same for your country?

(Countries are presented in alphabetical order)

Country

Optimists

Pessimists

Neutrals

DK/NA

NET

Economic Optimism

Row

MOLDOVA

24

24

46

6

0

NETHERLANDS

18

17

54

10

+1

NIGERIA

72

13

13

2

+59

PAKISTAN

46

26

22

6

+20

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

29

33

36

2

-4

PERU

33

17

41

9

+16

PHILIPPINES

42

10

46

2

+32

POLAND

17

38

37

8

-21

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

20

29

49

1

-9

ROMANIA

15

44

40

2

-29

RUSSIA

14

30

49

7

-16

SERBIA

26

41

29

4

-15

SLOVENIA

20

15

61

5

+5

SOUTH AFRICA

21

56

18

5

-35

SPAIN

20

37

38

4

-17

SWEDEN

16

18

62

4

-2

THAILAND

19

27

48

5

-8

TURKEY

18

58

21

2

-40

UK

13

49

30

8

-36

UKRAINE

16

54

25

5

-38

USA

28

31

29

13

-3

VIETNAM

61

6

32

2

+55

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

Definitions:

Optimists = Economic Prosperity

Pessimists = Economic Difficulty

Neutrals = Remain the same

 

HAPPINESS INDEX

In general, do you personally feel very happy, happy, neither happy nor unhappy, unhappy or very unhappy about your life?

(Countries are presented in alphabetical order)

 

Country

Happy

Unhappy

Neutrals

DK/NA

NET

Happiness

Row

AFGHANISTAN

54

11

35

*

+43

ALBANIA

60

13

27

*

+47

ARGENTINA

72

8

20

1

+64

ARMENIA

61

4

34

1

+57

AUSTRIA

62

8

27

2

+54

AZERBAIJAN

42

7

48

3

+35

BANGLADESH

62

11

26

1

+51

BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA

59

12

29

1

+47

BRAZIL

53

25

21

1

+28

BULGARIA

45

10

41

5

+35

COLOMBIA

89

2

9

1

+87

CROATIA

56

8

35

1

+48

CZECH REPUBLIC

45

8

45

2

+37

ECUADOR

67

4

27

2

+63

ETHIOPIA

71

11

17

1

+60

FIJI

94

2

4

*

+92

FRANCE

50

7

42

1

+43

GERMANY

56

18

26

1

+38

GHANA

55

25

18

2

+30

GREECE

41

20

37

2

+21

HONG KONG

46

17

36

1

+29

INDIA

73

9

18

*

+64

INDONESIA

73

5

22

1

+68

IRAN

33

28

39

*

+5

IRAQ

34

27

39

0

+7

IRELAND

63

11

25

*

+52

ITALY

50

8

41

1

+42

JAPAN

58

4

28

10

+54

KAZAKHSTAN

76

2

19

3

+74

KOSOVO

68

6

26

*

+62

LATVIA

44

8

43

6

+36

MACEDONIA

61

7

30

2

+54

MEXICO

84

2

10

3

+82

 

 

HAPPINESS INDEX

In general, do you personally feel very happy, happy, neither happy nor unhappy, unhappy or very unhappy about your life?

(Countries are presented in alphabetical order)


Country

Happy

Unhappy

Neutrals

DK/NA

NET

Happiness

Row

MOLDOVA

44

20

34

1

+24

NETHERLANDS

69

5

25

1

+64

NIGERIA

63

24

12

0

+39

PAKISTAN

65

16

18

1

+49

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

77

3

20

1

+74

PERU

65

4

28

3

+61

PHILIPPINES

86

2

10

1

+84

POLAND

60

8

30

2

+52

REPUBLIC OF KOREA

49

7

44

*

+42

ROMANIA

65

18

17

0

+47

RUSSIA

55

5

34

5

+50

SERBIA

54

9

35

2

+45

SLOVENIA

62

6

32

1

+56

SOUTH AFRICA

50

21

28

1

+29

SPAIN

59

8

31

1

+51

SWEDEN

55

9

34

2

+46

THAILAND

56

10

34

1

+46

TURKEY

45

16

40

*

+29

UK

58

16

26

*

+42

UKRAINE

26

18

47

9

+8

USA

64

14

20

2

+50

VIETNAM

78

1

22

0

+77

 

 

Rounding of Decimals: There may be a slight difference of 1 in some instances. Exact figures are available elsewhere. There is also a slight possibility that the figures vary up to maximum of 1 in different versions of press releases.

Definitions:

Happy = Very happy + Happy

Pessimists = Unhappy + Very Unhappy

Neutrals = Neither Happy nor Unhappy

 

 

Information-iconFor English translation contact us at office@gallup-international.bg

Contacts

23, James Boucher Blvd.
Sofia, 1164, Bulgaria
E-mail: office@gallup-international.bg
Tel.: +359 2 96 94 101
Fax: +359 2 42 24 712 

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